Subjects:Pogue, Forrest C. 1912-1996., Marshall, George C. (George Catlett) 1880-1959., World War 1939-1945 – Personal narratives American., Oral history., Lyon County (Ky.) – History., Murray State University – History.
Abstract: This collection consists of oral history interviews and recordings of speeches given by Forrest C. Pogue from 1967 to 1991. The collection also contains presentations made by local and state politicians, family, friends and colleagues during “Pogue Days”, a bicentennial event in Lyon County, Kentucky which honored Pogue on May 24th and May 25th of 1974. The topics discussed include Pogue’s childhood and early adulthood in Lyon County, attending and teaching at Murray State Teachers College (presently Murray State University) during the 1920s and 1930s, service as a United States Army historian during the Second World War and his later years as a military and oral historian.
Biographical / Historical note: Forrest C. Pogue was born on September 17, 1912, in Crittenden County, Kentucky. He received his Bachelor’s degree from Murray State Teachers College in 1931, his Masters from the University of Kentucky in 1932 and his doctorate from Clark University in 1936. From 1937 to 1938, he studied at the University of Paris, France. Upon his return to the United States, he taught at Western Kentucky College and later at Murray State Teachers College. He was drafted into the United States Army in the fall of1942 and in spring of 1943 was transferred to the Historical Division of the War Department. In 1944 he landed with the American troops at Normandy, France. While in Europe, he conducted interviews with the soldiers and officers until the war’s conclusion. After the war, he served as a civilian historian for the Department of the Army from 1945 to 1952. He briefly returned to teaching at Murray State College in 1954 and 1955. He became the director of the newly established George C. Marshall Research Foundation in 1956 and in 1974 became the Director of the Eisenhower Institute for Historical Research at the Smithsonian a position that he held until his retirement. He is best remembered for his four volume biography of George C. Marshall and other published works on the European theater of the Second World War. He died on October 6, 1996 at Murray, Kentucky.